Publishing fees

Open Access provides free, unrestricted online access to the scholarly literature to anyone in the world. Frontiers is a Gold open-access publisher. This means that we maintain our high quality of service through Article Processing Charges (APCs): manuscripts that are accepted for publication by our external editors following peer review incur a publishing fee.

Article processing charges (APCs) by journal

Please consult the table below for information on Frontiers article publishing fees and refer to our article types page for details on the specific article descriptions.

Articles Prices by Journal before discounts (in US$)
Journal A Type Articles B Type Articles C Type Articles D Type Articles
Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Applied Mathematics and Statistics 1,150 700 450 Free
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences 1,150 700 450 Free
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Built Environment 1,150 700 450 Free
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Chemistry 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Communication 950 700 450 Free
Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Digital Humanities 1,150 700 450 Free
Frontiers in Earth Science 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Endocrinology 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Energy Research 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Environmental Science 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Genetics 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in ICT 1,150 700 450 Free
Frontiers in Immunology 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Marine Science 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Materials 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering 1,150 700 450 Free
Frontiers in Medicine 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Microbiology 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Neural Circuits 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Neuroanatomy 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Neuroinformatics 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Neurology 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Neurorobotics 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Neuroscience 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Nutrition 1,150 700 450 Free
Frontiers in Oncology 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Pediatrics 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Pharmacology 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Physics 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Physiology 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Plant Science 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Psychiatry 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Psychology 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Public Health 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Robotics and AI 1,150 700 450 Free
Frontiers in Sociology 950 700 450 Free
Frontiers in Surgery 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Synaptic Neuroscience 1,900 875 450 Free
Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 2,490 1,150 450 Free
Frontiers in Veterinary Science 1,900 875 450 Free

Article types

A Type Articles: Classification, Clinical Trial, Hypothesis & Theory, Methods, Original Research, Protocols, Review, Technology Report

B Type Articles: Case Report, Clinic-Pathological Conference (CPC), Evaluation, Mini Review, Perspective

C Type Articles: Code, Data Report, Opinion

D Type Articles: Book Review, Core Concept (Young Minds), Editorial, Field Grand Challenge, Focused Review, Frontiers Commentary, General Commentary, New Discovery (Young Minds), Specialty Grand Challenge.

Discounts available

Research topic articles: 15% discount available for articles submitted within the Research Topic deadline. Please note that this discount only applies to A type articles and not to B or C type articles.

Chief and Associate editors: 15% discount available for all A type articles where a Field chief editor, Specialty chief editor or Associate editors is the corresponding author. Please note that this discount is not cumulative with the discount for Research topic articles so only one of these discounts is available for any article.

Review editors: 15% discount available for all A type articles where a review editor is the corresponding author and submitted within 3 months of such editor joining the editorial board or completing a Frontiers article review. Please note that this discount is not cumulative with the discount for Research topic articles so only one of these discounts is available for any article.

Institutional agreements: Please see below.

Individual discounts and waivers: Please see below.

Institutional agreements

As Open Access becomes the new standard for scholarly publishing, many institutions, funding agencies and foundations are creating Open Access Funds that cover the APCs for researchers. Frontiers is working with libraries, funding agencies and research consortia to find ways to support researchers directly. These relationships often enable us to remove some or all of the responsibility for APCs from individual authors. Learn about Frontiers Institutional Plans, which institutions are currently participating and how these can facilitate the payment of APCs by clicking here.

You can find additional information about research funders and institutions that fund open access in our Help Center.

Waivers

Frontiers is committed to help researchers overcome any financial barriers to publication. In cases where authors genuinely do not have the means to pay our APCs, they can apply for full or partial waivers (Please email your application to waivers@frontiersin.org, and allow up to a week for Frontiers to review and reply to your request).

IMPORTANT: Authors wishing to apply for a waiver must do so before, or immediately after, their manuscript is submitted to avoid delays in the event that your article is accepted. Because the Frontiers editorial support team does not decide whether the article is accepted or not (this decision is completely in the hands of external editors), your request for a waiver is handled completely independently and in no way influences whether your submission is accepted or rejected for publication.

Effective date of fees and discounts

The above fees and discounts are valid for articles submitted on or after February 1, 2016. Article Processing Charges (APCs) may be subject to periodic revisions. The APC applied is the one valid at time of manuscript submission.

When is the APC payable?

A pro forma invoice is created on submission of your manuscript, for complete transparency regarding APCs; it can be accessed from the Review Forum during the review process. A final invoice will only be issued once your article has been accepted for publication. APCs are payable within 30 days of the final invoice date.

Rationale for Frontiers' APC structure

Frontiers, as a Gold open-access publisher, requires the payment of an article processing charge (APC) for most accepted articles. In return, our publishing service benefits authors in the following ways:

Basic open-access services provided by most OA publishers listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ):

  1. Submit-review-reject/accept: Submission and peer-review
  2. Author retention of copyright: The CC-BY license to respect author rights
  3. On-line display: Free to read and download
  4. Permanent storage: Redundancy systems for robustness
  5. Archiving: Independent storage, additional storage guarantee, distributed reader access

Advanced open-access services provided by Frontiers:

  1. Digital editorial offices: editorial independence, efficiency
  2. Collaborative Review: fair, constructive, interactive, efficient, custom-made online IT platform
  3. Author & editor profiles: transparency, visibility, dissemination, impact
  4. Editor names published: acknowledgement, accountability, transparency
  5. Comments/blogs: post-publication discussion
  6. Article impact metrics: for real-time article impact assessment
  7. Author impact metrics: for real-time aggregated impact assessment
  8. Journal impact metrics: for transparent value of services provided
  9. Press releases and social media exposure: public visibility
  10. Media impact metrics: for monitoring public visibility
  11. Loop network: dissemination and finding of articles
  12. Discovery: personalized dynamically computed reading lists
  13. Tiering: spotlighting the best articles judged democratically
  14. eBooks: convenient packaging and dissemination of Research Topics
  15. Honoraria: acknowledging the work of editors without introducing conflicts-of-interest
  16. Awards: acknowledging participation and outstanding performance
  17. Waivers: remove blocks to Open Access publishing
  18. Subsidies: support for new fields and fields that do not have the budgets for APCs

Frontiers’ APCs depend on the specific journal and the type of article to be published. Certain discounts are provided to the basic charge, such as for Research Topic participation or for editorial activity. The full range of discounts and waivers is described above.

More information can be found by reading some key Frontiers blogs, including:

  1. Frontiers tops open-access journal ranking in most JCR categories.
  2. Frontiers’ financial commitment to Open Access publishing
  3. Born Digital: building the ultimate open-access publisher
  4. Infographic: Frontiers’ Editors by the numbers
  5. Frontiers announces new major award for outstanding research collaboration
  6. Selecting for impact: new data debunks old beliefs
  7. Article Processing Charges: Open Access could save global research

If you would like to learn more about Open Access publishing, we encourage you to also watch the video below, or read some of the great resources provided by Peter Suber or the Budapest Open Access Initiative in 2002.